The Letter – Dhumaketu Summary, Question Answers - CBSE Class 10

The Letter – Dhumaketu Summary, Question Answers - CBSE Class 10

Answer the following questions in your own words:

Q:Who was Ali? Where did he go daily?
a) Ali was an old man whose only daughter had got married and gone away to
Punjab. He had been a shikari in his youth-but later gave it up when he
realized the meaning of love and separation when his daughter got married
and had to go away to Punjab. He went every day to the post office hoping
that he would get a letter from her. He had been waiting for 5 long years.

Q: "Ali displays qualities of love and patience". Give evidence from the story to support the statement.
b) Love- his affection for his daughter. Patience—He exhibited tremendous
patience waiting for his daughter’s letter for 5 long years.

Q: How do you know Ali was a familiar figure at the post office?
c) came everyday- sat at the same place- people made fun of him-called his
name for fun and laughed when he eagerly jumped up .

Q: Why did Ali give up hunting?
d) After his daughter got married and went away to Punjab he understood the
grief of love and separation from the dear ones.

Q: What impression do you form of the postmaster after reading the story 'The Letter'?
e) Initially- pumpkin faced – expressionless- grumpy- rude- lack of empathy.
Later when his own daughter was unwell and he awaited news from her, he
mellowed down, understood Ali’s anxiety and a father’s heart.

Q: The postmaster says to Ali, "What a pest you are, brother!" Do you agree with the statement? Give reasons for your answer.
f) No- Ali came in hope of receiving a letter from his daughter.

    Q: "Ali came out very slowly, turning after every few steps to gaze at the post office. His eyes were filled with tears of helplessness, for his patience was exhausted, even though he still had faith." Why were Ali's eyes filled with tears of helplessness?
    OR
    What had exhausted his patience but not his faith?
g) He felt helpless that he may not be able to come to the post office again as he
was unwell.—He knew he was dying—his patience was exhausted but he
still had faith that his daughter would write a letter.

Q: "Tortured by doubt and remorse, he sat down in the glow of the charcoal sigri to wait." Who is tortured by doubt and remorse? Why? What is he waiting for?
h) The postmaster –doubt—he did not know who had come earlier that
morning—whether it was Ali who had come or his ghost or had he been
hallucinating. Remorse- at the nasty way he had behaved towards Ali and at
his own insensitivity.

    Q: Explain the following phrases/ sentences in your own words:
    1. Happy memories light up a life that is nearing its close.
    A: Ali was old was nearing his end. His dull and sad life became happy by the memories of his young age.
    2. The sounds helped him along his lonely way.
    A: As Ali walked down a deserted street, the familiar sounds of grinding mills and women singing gave him strength and courage to move on.
    3. The cold used sleep to extend its sway over all things even as a false friend lulls his chosen victim with caressing smiles.
    A: A false friend soothes his victim by his gentle smile to lay his doubts at rest. Similarly, the cold weather used sleep to lay all the people at rest and gradually kill them in their sleep.
    4. When the evening of his life was drawing in, he left his old ways and suddenly took a new turn.
    A: As Ali became old and his death was approaching, he gave up his occupation of hunting animals and totally changed his attitude and behavior.
    5. The whole universe is built up through love and that the grief of separation is inescapable.
    A: The entire universe survives on love and no one can escape the sadness of separating from his loved ones.
    6. The post-master, a man with a face as sad and as inexpressive as a pumpkin, would be seen sitting on his chair inside.
    A: The postmaster’s face was sad and expressionless like a pumpkin.
    7. And so the clerk, like a worshipper of Vishnu, repeated his customary thousand names.
    A: A worshipper of lord Vishnu repeats his traditional thousand names in quick succession as he is well – versed with them. Similarly, the clerk spoke out the names of the recipients on the letters.
    8. The haughty temper of the official had quite left him in his sorrow and anxiety, and had laid bare his human heart.
    A: The postmaster was sad as he had no news about his daughter. He no longer remained rude and cold, rather he became compassionate towards Ali. He could relate to his pain and suffering.

    Q.: Answer the questions by ticking the correct options:
    1: Ali's walking to the Post Office daily even in biting cold weather shows his __________.
    i.Courage
    ii.Optimism
    iii.Foolishness
    iv.Strength of will

    A1.1: (iv)

    2: The Post Office is referred to as Ali's "place of pilgrimage" as he__________.
    i.Visited it daily
    ii.Came there to pray for a letter from his daughter
    iii.Went there with faith and hope
    iv.Believed God would bless him if he went there

    2: (iii)

    3. The Post Master's rudeness to Ali reveals his ______________.
    i.Lack of empathy
    ii.Preoccupation with his work
    iii.Preconceived notions
    iv.Sensitivity
    3: (i)

    4. Ali did not come to the Post Office for several days as _________.
    i.He had given up hope
    ii.He was upset by the Post Master's rebuke
    iii.He was unwell and not able to walk to the Post Office
    iv.He was busy hunting
    4: (iii)

    5. "Tortured by doubt and remorse, he sat down in the glow of the charcoal sigri to wait.“ The Post Master was waiting for________.
    i.A letter from Miriam
    ii.A letter from his own daughter
    iii.A letter from Ali
    iv.Ali to deliver Miriam's letter to him.
    5: (ii)


    Complete the table by explaining the following phrases/ sentences in your own words:

    PhrasesMeanings
    happy memories light up a life that is nearing its closeAt the end people are reminded of happier days, when night nears the end dawn lights up the world
    the sounds helped him along his lonely wayWhile he was walking alone, the sounds coming from nearby houses helped him remain confident.
    the cold used sleep to extend its sway over all things even as a false friend lulls his chosen victim with caressing smilesHard cold is just like a false friend, it strikes deeper
    when the evening of his life was drawing in, he left his old ways and suddenly took a new turnWhen he was approaching his old age he decided to leave his old way of life.
    the whole universe is built up through love and that the grief of separation is inescapableGrief is just as inescapable as joy, they are two sides of the same coin.
    the post-master, a man with a face as sad and as inexpressive as a pumpkin, would be seen sitting on his chair insideA cold unimpressive man with little sensitivity is the post master.
    And so the clerk, like a worshipper of Vishnu, repeated his customary thousand namesThe clerk did what was a custom at the post office.
    The haughty temper of the official had quite left him in his sorrow and anxiety, and had laid bare his human heart.

    Ali was left agonized by the inhuman attitude of the postmaster.

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